There are many reasons that you may be looking for a warmer climate. Perhaps it’s an attempt to leave harsh snowy winters and dreary rainy days. Those are good reasons. It could be that you are looking for warm places that are rich in history that give you a glimpse into a culture that is different from your own. Whatever your reason, there are cities and areas in the world that reach hot temperatures throughout the year.
When you consider countries, temperatures can vary throughout the area. So, what is generally true for an entire country may not necessarily be true for a city which has its own microclimate. These variations may not be great, but they are distinct to a particular location.
Many intera-country temperature variations relate to the location of the city. For instance, those cities situated near mountains will have the greatest temperature differences with other cities in the same country. That being said, when the average temperature is considered, one finds that, on average, temperatures remain steady.
The annual temperatures in a city may vary within a year. It may be one of the hottest cities during summer months but not necessarily so during more temperate winter months. That’s why when considering the hottest cities around the world, the average annual temperatures are considered.
Given that there are cities where extreme heat is not an unusual occurrence, they still can be wonderful places to visit. Also, note that the geographic locations vary from deserts to the tropics so if you are seeking a hot climate, there is a lot to select from.
Table of Contents
- 1. Garoua, Cameroon – 83.08° F (28.38° C)
- 2. Sokoto, Nigeria – 83.25° F (28.47° C)
- 3. Chennai, India – 83.32° F (28.51° C)
- 4. Vijayawada, India – 83.55° F (28.64° C)
- 5. Madurai, India – 84.02° F (28.9° C)
- 6. Maracaibo, Venezuela – 84.18° F (28.99° C)
- 7. Niamey, Niger – 84.49° (29.16° C)
- 8. Djibouti City, Djibouti – 84.92° F (29.4° C)
- 9. Kassala, Sudan – 85.55° F (29.75° C)
- 10. Khartoum, Sudan – 85.84° F (29.91° C)
- 11. Mecca, Saudi Arabia – 88.2° F (32.22° C)
- 12. Phoenix, Arizona – 94.8° F (34.9° C)
- 13. Darwin, Australia – 84.7° F (29.3° C)
- 14. Fortaleza, Brazil – 81° F (7.2° C)
- 15. Athens, Greece – 83.7° F (28.7° C)
- 16. Ahvaz, Iran – 99.1° F (37.3° C)
- 17. Lagos, Nigeria – 91.8° F (33.2° C)
- 18. Assab, Eritrea – 86.9° F (30.5° C)
- 19. Bosaso, Somalia – 86° F (30° C)
- 20. Abeche, Chad – 89.6° F (32° C)
- 21. Las Palmas, Spain – 70.2° F (21.2° C)
- 22. Aden, Yemen – 84.3° F (29.1° C)
- 23. Bangkok, Thailand – 83.4° F (28.6 °C)
- 24. Oranjestad, Aruba – 82.5° F (28.1° C)
- 25. Barranquilla, Colombia – 85° F (28.4° C)
- 26. Garissa, Kenya – 84.7° F (29.3 °C)
- 27. Lodwar, Kenya – 84.7° F (29.3°C)
- 28. Death Valley, California – 40° F (4.4° C)
- 29. Las Vegas, Nevada – 117° F (47.2° C)
- 30. Del Rio, Texas – 120 °F (48.8° C)
1. Garoua, Cameroon – 83.08° F (28.38° C)
As the fourth largest city in Cameroon, a West Central African Republic, the city is the capital of the North Region. Over 300,000 people live in the city. The city is situated on the Benue River. This is the major tributary of the Niger River.
While the annual average temperatures are 28.38° C = 83.08° F, March and April are the hottest months the city experiences. During these months the average temperature is 32-33° C = 90-91.5° F. While the city becomes cooler during the winter months of December and January, the lowest temperatures are 26° C = 79° F.
2. Sokoto, Nigeria – 83.25° F (28.47° C)
With a population of 430,000 people, the city of Sokoto, Nigeria is located in the northwestern corner of the country. Prior to the fall of the Northwestern State, Sokoto was the capital. It still remains the capital of the region today.
The city experiences an average temperature of 28.47° C = 83.25° F. The city’s climate is primarily determined by the savannas that surround it in the Dry Sahel Zone.
The city’s hottest month is April. During April, temperatures then can reach 33.75° C = 92.75° F. On the other end of the spectrum, the city experiences temperatures as low as 24.5° C =76.1° F in January. This, however, is the lowest temperature in the area each year.
3. Chennai, India – 83.32° F (28.51° C)
There are many cities in India that are well known for high heat levels. Chennai, India is one of them. The city is home to more than 6,750,000 people. However, within the metropolitan area of Chennai, there are 8.5 million people. This makes it India’s fourth-largest metropolitan area.
Chennai, India is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu. The location is in the southeastern part of the country. The city’s climate is most significantly impacted by its proximity to the Bay of Bengal.
The city’s average temperature annually is 28.51° C = 83.32° F. The warmest months are May and June when temperatures average 32.5° C = 90.5° F. During January, the area experiences the lowest average temperature of 24.6° C = 76.28° F.
4. Vijayawada, India – 83.55° F (28.64° C)
Another one of the hottest cities in the world is Vijayawada, India. The city is located just north and inland from Chennai, India. It is still positioned in proximity to the Bay of Bengal. Located in the state of Andhra Pradesh, the city has 1.5 million inhabitants within its metropolitan area.
The city’s high temperatures are influenced by the Krishna River. However, its relationship in position to the Indian Ocean and in the southern Tropic of Cancer are other factors that influence the city’s high temperatures.
The city’s experiences an average temperature of 28.64° C = 83.55° F. May is the hottest month with average temperatures of 33.85° C = 92.93° F. Here again, January is the coldest month with an average temperature of 24.4 °C = 75.92° F.
5. Madurai, India – 84.02° F (28.9° C)
As a major city in Tamil Nadu, the city of Madurai, India is located in the country’s southern region. The city has a similar climate to the nearby city of Vijayawada and is a similar size. The city supports a population of 1,470.755 inhabitants.
The city of Madurai, India has an average mean temperature of 28.9° C = 84.02° F. As with other nearby cities, the month of May delivers the most searing temperatures. Typically, temperatures are 31.8° C = 89.24°F. January has the coolest temperatures at 25.3° C = 77.54° F. December has similar temperatures.
The city of Madurai is located on the River Vaigai. This settlement has existed for at least two millennia and is known as ‘the city which never sleeps.’ The city has a long history that is closely associated with the Tamil language and a robust scholarship.
People have lived in the area since at least 300 BCE. Through time and history, a number of significant historic monuments have been established such as the Meenakshi Temple and the Tirumalai Nayak Palace. These trade and industrial developments have been well documented through the area’s many archaeological sites.
Today, the city of Madurai continues to grow and develop. Currently, it is a significant industrial hub for many industries including rubber, granite, automotive, and chemical manufacturing. This is also an important educational hub with institutions such as the Madurai Medical College, Madurai Law College, and the Agricultural College and Research Institute.
6. Maracaibo, Venezuela – 84.18° F (28.99° C)
Situated on the entry point of the Gulf of Venezuela, this beautiful city has 1.5 million residents. Located on the north coast of Venezuela, the metropolitan area has almost 2 million citizens. The city benefits from its continual sun and access to the sea by a robust tourism industry – even though it is not known as a tourism destination.
Maracaibo, Venezuela has an average temperature annually of 28.99° C = 84.18° F. April and May tend to be the hottest months though in actuality, temperatures typically remain the same throughout the year. As in other months, January tends to be slightly cooler but the sun will still be shining.
7. Niamey, Niger – 84.49° (29.16° C)
With a population of 1.5 million inhabitants, Niamey, Niger has one of the highest temperatures in the world on average. It is very similar in climate to Sokoto, Nigeria.
With an annual temperature of 29.16° C = 84.49° F, the residents experience relatively stable overall temperatures. The temperatures do rise during the month of May to an average of 33.95° = 93.11° F. During the city’s dry season, temperatures dip slightly to 30° C = 86° F for a few months.
8. Djibouti City, Djibouti – 84.92° F (29.4° C)
Djibouti City is the capital of the country Djibouti. With a population of 600,000 inhabitants, the city is strategically located at the joining of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. This places it in a location where the most active shipping lanes in the world are located.
It’s location on the Gulf of Tadjourna, makes the city of Djibouti one of the hottest in the world. The summer months, particularly July, hit temperatures of 36.4° C = 97.52° F. The overall temperatures each year are 29.4° C = 84.92° F. January is a slightly cooler month with temperatures of 25.1° C = 77.18° F.
One thing to note is that the sea around the city also has risen sea temperatures. Most of the year, the water has a temperature of 30° C = 86° F which means that if residents are looking to cool off in the water, they won’t find much respite from the overarching heat of the area.
9. Kassala, Sudan – 85.55° F (29.75° C)
Kassala, Sudan is the capital of the state of Kassala. As an eastern city in the country, it has a subtropical desert climate. This gives the city’s inhabitants a climate that is both dry and hot. Ironically, many residents enjoy the area’s hot springs that are very hot.
While the average temperature annually in Kassala, Sudan is 29.75° C = 85.55° F. The warmest time of the year is the month of May with temperatures of 33.8° C = 92.84° F. The temperatures abate slightly during December – February.
10. Khartoum, Sudan – 85.84° F (29.91° C)
With constant high temperatures all year long, this city is known as one with the highest temperature average. That being said, it is not the warmest city in the world. The city’s 5 million residents make it one of the biggest cities in Africa.
Located at the confluence of Blue and White Nile Rivers, the city is still quite distant from the sea. This gives the city a very hot desert climate. In truth, traveling through this city is not for the faint of heart.
Khartoum, Sudan’s average temperature is 29.91° C = 85.84° F. The temperature increases during the May-June months to an average of 34.6° C = 94.28° F. Thankfully for city residents the temperature averages do decrease in January when it dips to 23.15° C = 73.67° F.
11. Mecca, Saudi Arabia – 88.2° F (32.22° C)
Mecca, Saudi Arabia is best known as the holiest city within Islam. It is also the birthplace of Muhammad. Thanks to the surrounding dry desert, the climate can best be described as arid. One of the few unusual features of this landscape is that it maintains consistently high temperatures even during the winter months.
All summer months are considered hot, but the June-July season is particularly scorching at 36.1° C = 96.96° F on average. Highs during this period reach 45° C = 110° F. There is a bit of relief in January when temperatures dip to 24.65° C = 76.37° F on average. The yearly average temperature overall is 32.22° C = 88.2° F.
12. Phoenix, Arizona – 94.8° F (34.9° C)
Phoenix, Arizona, also known as the “Valley of the Sun” is the largest city in Arizona. It is also well known for its extreme heat. This is due to its location in the Sonoran Desert which is a subtropical desert.
Characteristically, Phoenix, Arizona has extremely hot summers and brief cooler winters. This is seen through the continuous sunshine in the area. In fact, the city receives 3,872 hours of direct sun each year.
With an average temperature each year of 34.9° C = 94.8° F, the hottest days are seen in the months of June through September reaching 43° C = 109.4° F. The heat is concentrated during this period with continual sunshine.
Another point where Phoenix, Arizona differs from other desert cities is that it does not experience dramatic day and nighttime temperatures. This is caused by the urban effect. In this case, heat is retained and stored by the buildings and pavements in the urban area and are emitted during nighttime hours.
13. Darwin, Australia – 84.7° F (29.3° C)
As the capital of the Northern Australian Territory, Darwin, Australia has a tropical savanna climate. This means that the city experiences both a wet and dry season. The area is also vulnerable to cyclones.
During the dry season in Darwin, Australia, sunny days are very humid. This period is between May and September during which time no rainfall is expected. To augment the situation, the city, during this period, receives over 8.4 hours of sunlight each day.
For Darwin, Australia, the yearly average temperature is 29.3° C = 84.7° F. Beginning in November each year, the temperature rises to 27.6° C = 81.68° F. This shifts up in December with temperatures reaching 45° C = 113° F preceding the rainy season.
14. Fortaleza, Brazil – 81° F (7.2° C)
As the capital of the Brazilian state of Ceara, Fortaleza is a substantial commercial and industrial hub for the country. In fact, industry in the city represents an eighth of the country’s purchasing might. The city is on the edge of the Creek Pajeu.
The city of Fortaleza, Brazil is another tropical area with both a wet and dry season. The average annual temperature is 27.2° C = 81° F. Yet the area maintains relatively high heat and humidity throughout the year.
November is the hottest month in Fortaleza, Brazil with temperatures at 30.7° C = 87.26° F. This dips down to the city’s lowest temperature of 24.6° C = 76.28° F. The wet season runs from January through July each year and is characterized by high humidity. This is countered by a dry season that begins in August and runs through December.
15. Athens, Greece – 83.7° F (28.7° C)
As the capital of Greece, Athens is also one of the world’s oldest cities. The city is characterized by a rich 3,400-year history. This fascinating city is also shaped by the Mediterranean climate residents enjoy.
With its proximity to the ocean, the climate of the city features mild winters and warm, dry summers. Rain is often seen during the summer months. Regardless, the city has an average temperature of 28.7° C = 83.7° F.
A distinctive feature of the city of Athens, Greece is the urban island effect where daytime heat is stored in buildings and concrete or stone. This heat is distributed during the evening hours maintaining a more even temperature. This effect is a direct effect of the population inhabiting the area.
Meteorological stations in and around the city of Athens have to factor in this urban heat effect. The warmest month in the city is July with temperatures at 28.4° C = 83.12° F. The maximum temperature ever logged in the city was in July 1977 when the city reached 48° C = 118.4° F.
If you are looking to travel to Athens, Greece for the hottest months, choose a time during June through August. The other months tend to be more temperate.
16. Ahvaz, Iran – 99.1° F (37.3° C)
The city of Ahvaz, Iran serves as the capital of the Khuzestan province. This is located in southwest Iran. The city boasts a population of more than 1,112,021 residents.
The average temperature in Ahvaz, Iran is 37.3° = 99.1° F. The city is situated in a desert climate region. This means that it regularly experiences short winter seasons with long, extremely hot summers.
During the summer months, the city is subjected to numerous sandstorms and dust storms. Summer months consistently reach temperatures of 45° – 50° C = 113° – 122° F. This earns the city of Ahvaz the distinction of being one of the hottest in the world.
July is the hottest month in Ahvaz with temperatures at 37.3° C = 99.14° F. The city earned the distinction of the hottest world temperature on June 29, 2017, when the temperature soared to 54° C = 129.2° F. The city experiences high temperatures during the summer months of May through September.
17. Lagos, Nigeria – 91.8° F (33.2° C)
Lagos, Nigeria is one of the largest and most rapidly growing cities in Africa. The city is known for its very large and active port. It is also a significant African financial center.
The metropolitan area of Lagos, Nigeria has a population of 23.5 million residents as of 2018. Within the city itself, 14.8 million people reside. This makes the area one of the most populated in Africa.
As Lagos is located in a tropical savanna, the city experiences dry and wet seasons that are markedly different from one another. The wet season can produce significant precipitation. The city, however, maintains regular temperatures throughout the year due to its proximity to the equator.
Lagos, Nigeria experiences an average temperature annually of 33.2° C = 91.8° F. February is the hottest month at 33.2° C = 91.76° F. Cooler temperatures can be experienced during July when it drops to 28.2° C = 82.76° F.
As part of the area’s climate pattern, June is the month when the city experiences the most precipitation. January is the month with the least amount of rain.
18. Assab, Eritrea – 86.9° F (30.5° C)
Assab, Eritrea is located on the Red Sea. Consequently, an active port has developed in this small city. It is well known as one of the hottest cities in the world. Though it is located in a desert climate, temperatures do not fluctuate dramatically.
The average yearly temperature for Assab, Eritrea is 30.5° C = 86.9° F. The record high for the city is 49° C = 120.2° F. The city doesn’t not experience fluctuation between daytime temperatures and nighttime temperatures like many desert communities do.
The warmest months are July and August but even during these months, the nighttime temperatures still equal 30° C = 86° F. To make the climate more unbearable for inhabitants, the city only receives three rain days each year. This means that there is not relief from the constant heat.
19. Bosaso, Somalia – 86° F (30° C)
The city of Bosaso, Somalia is a coastal community with a population of 200,000 inhabitants. The area experiences similar temperatures to Assab, Eritrea. Given the extreme climate in the area, the city does not seem that appealing. However, the area is growing and flourishing.
The reason for the growth of Bosaso, Somalia is the direct result of the changes made in the region during the Somali Civil War. In 1998, the Puntland region proclaimed itself to be an autonomous region. This made Bosaso the economic driver of the northeast region of Somali. Due to the increase in jobs and industry, the population has steadily grown.
The city of Bosaso, Somalia experiences an average yearly temperature of 30° C = 86° F. During the summer months of June through August, temperatures reach 36° C = 96.8° F. During the summer nighttime, temperatures will drop to 30° C = 86° F bring a slight amount of relief to the city’s inhabitants. One saving grace during the summer months is that the humidity does drop a little bit.
20. Abeche, Chad – 89.6° F (32° C)
The city of Abeche, Chad is a growing city with a population of 76,492 residents. The city is known for the relics of the past including tombs and palaces of past sultans and mosques. While the city itself may be unexceptional, the city’s population has grown with the movement of refugees from the Darfur area.
The average temperature in Abeche, Chad each year is 32° C = 89.6° F. These temperatures remain relatively stable throughout the year. Even so, the city does have a rainy season during the months of June through September.
21. Las Palmas, Spain – 70.2° F (21.2° C)
Las Palmas, Spain is a city with a rich history. Until the 17th century, this city that was founded in 1478 was recognized as the de facto capital of the Canary Islands. Situated on the Gran Canaria Island, the city is approximately 150 kilometers (93 miles) of the coast of Morocco.
The city of Las Palmas is the capital of the island with a population of 381,223 residents. This makes it fifth largest city metropolitan area in Spain. Today, the title of capital of the Canary Islands is shared between Las Palmas and Santa Cruz de Tenerife on a nearby island.
Although the city of Las Palmas, Spain is located on the Atlantic Ocean, the area is a desert climate. The hot temperatures are tempered by the Canary Current. This current also helps keep the temperature stable year round.
The average temperature annually for Las Palmas, Spain is 21.2° C = 70.2° F. The fact that these temperatures don’t fluctuate significantly throughout the year adds to the area’s appeal. The Director of Research on Climatology, Syracuse University states that the city has “the best climate in the world”.
22. Aden, Yemen – 84.3° F (29.1° C)
Since 2015, the city of Aden, Yemen has served as the temporary capital of the country. Located on the Gulf of Aden on the Red Sea, the city has a population of 800,000 residents. Aden’s active harbor was created by a dormant volcano that created the peninsula.
Aden, Yemen has a desert climate with high humidity every month. There is very little annual precipitation of about 127 millimeters = five inches.
The yearly temperature average is 29.1° C = 84.3° F. The average temperature in the city is 25° C = 77° F at the beginning of the year starting with January. The temperature begins to rise during the summer month of June to 37° C = 98.6° F.
23. Bangkok, Thailand – 83.4° F (28.6 °C)
As the capital of Thailand, Bangkok is situated on the Chao Phraya River delta. The city has a population of 10.5 million people. The city is perhaps best known for its rich history.
Bangkok has a tropical savanna climate and is part of the monsoon system known throughout South Asia. While the city is known to be hot all year with an average yearly temperature of 28.6 °C = 83.4° F, there are distinct seasons. The average temperatures in December are 20° C = 71.6° C. The temperature rises in April to 35.4° C = 95.7° F.
The rainy season starts in May and continues through October. The rest of the year is the hot season with a high of 40.1° C = 104.2° F. It should be noted that the city does experience urban heat which keeps temperatures stable through the day and night cycle.
24. Oranjestad, Aruba – 82.5° F (28.1° C)
The city of Oranjestad, is the capital of Aruba. The nation is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The city has a modest population of 28,294 inhabitants.
The yearly average temperature is 28.1° C = 82.5° F. With its semi-arid climate, Oranjestad has humid, hot temperatures throughout the year. Due to its location, rainfall is low. The island does have a rainy season that occurs in September – January.
25. Barranquilla, Colombia – 85° F (28.4° C)
The city of Barranquilla, Colombia is situated on the Caribbean Sea. The city serves as Colombia’s capital in the Atlántico Department. Within the region, it is the largest city with a population of 2,206,319 inhabitants and the third-largest port in the country.
Barranquilla, Colombia is a tropical savanna climate with an average annual temperature of 28.4° C = 85° F. The city remains consistently hot and humid throughout the year. Still, the city benefits from the cooling trade winds from November through April.
The rainy season begins in April and lasts through November. These rains can produce dangerous flooding or arroyos due to inadequate drainage systems.
26. Garissa, Kenya – 84.7° F (29.3 °C)
Garissa, Kenya is the capital city of Garissa County. It is located in the northeastern province of the country. The city has a population of 450,399 inhabitants.
The semi-arid climate of Garissa gives the city a desert terrain. The average annual temperature is 29.3 °C = 84.7° F. Even though the city is situated on the Tana River, the climate remains consistent because of its low elevation. During the day, temperatures are at 33° C = 91° F, but they drop during the evening hours.
27. Lodwar, Kenya – 84.7° F (29.3°C)
Lodwar is a large community of 82,970 people in northwest Kenya. The city is situated on Lake Turkana and the Loima Hills. The city’s economy is based on tourism and basket weaving.
Lodwar’s desert climate is noted for its limited rainfall and consistent extreme temperatures. With an average annual temperature of 29.3°C = 84.7° F. The city experiences approximately 3,600 hours of sunlight annually and only 210 millimeters = 8.26 inches of rainfall.
28. Death Valley, California – 40° F (4.4° C)
Located in eastern California, Death Valley, California is in the Mojave Desert. Death Valley has 442 inhabitants. It is known for its reputation of being the hottest area in the world during the summer months.
The subtropical desert climate means that Death Valley experiences little rainfall, short winters, and very hot summers. This is created by the location within four major mountain ranges.
On July 10, 1913, the hottest temperature ever recorded was 56.7° C = 134° F. This is the highest temperature recorded in the world. While hot, this is contrasted during winter nights when it drops to 4.4° C = 40° F.
29. Las Vegas, Nevada – 117° F (47.2° C)
Las Vegas, Nevada is a bustling city of 641,903 inhabitants. The city is well known for the entertainment industry of gambling, dining, and shopping. The city is situated in the Mojave Desert.
The city of Las Vegas is designated as a subtropical desert climate. This means that the area has mild winters and long hot summers. In fact, the city has 310 sunny days each year on average.
Rainfall is extremely limited with 110 millimeters = 4.2 inches each year. The hottest month is July with an average temperature of 40.3° C = 104.5° F. December brings milder temperatures at 13.8° C = 56.9° F. The average annual temperature is 47.2° C = 117° F.
30. Del Rio, Texas – 120 °F (48.8° C)
The city of Del Rio, Texas is located in southwest Texas. The city has a population of 35,591. Geographically, it is 152 miles west of San Antonio, Texas.
The average annual temperature of Del Rio is 48.8° C = 120 °F. The area is semi-arid. While summer is hot, winters remain mild. Moisture from the Gulf of Mexico creates heavy rainstorms during the spring season.