The Nile River is a body of fresh water that has fed and supplied the country of Egypt and the continent of Africa for several thousand years.
The Nile River is responsible for serving as a transportation channel and a food channel for the people of Africa. It is also an important food supply for its surrounding habitat.
It is estimated that 95 percent of the population of Egypt lives on the Nile River.
It is the freshwater nature of the Nile River that maintains its stability to provide a food supply and sustenance to hundreds if not thousands of species.
Freshwater is a kind of water that has very little sediment or additional elements such as salt in it, and that makes it potable and also livable. It is the true shining gem of Africa.
The Nile River is a freshwater body of water, and it has fed and supplied the people of Africa and many species for thousands of years.
It offers water to survive in the most primitive of conditions, and without it, the land would be desolate of any kind of life.
Table of Contents
- Why is the Nile River important?
- What is freshwater?
- How does the Nile River sustain Africa?
- What is farmed along the Nile River?
- What is in a freshwater ecosystem?
- Why is the Nile River a lotic ecosystem?
- Learn about the Nile River and freshwater ecosystems
Why is the Nile River important?
The Nile River is used as a food supply and also as a supply of water to nurture food supplies on land. It is also transportation for trade and is integral to the economy of Africa.
Freshwater is precisely what it sounds like, but “fresh” in its term refers to its potability and how it does not contain salt such as ocean water.
There are many bodies of fresh water on earth that are polluted in some areas and in some sense.
The basic and most fundamental element of freshwater is that it is devoid of natural sediment and salt. The Great Lakes between the United States and Canada are examples of large bodies of fresh water.
How was the Nile River formed?
The Nile River is formed through water vapor that comes in from the ocean and surrounding bodies of water. As the vapor rises, salt and additional sediment or toxins are removed naturally from the vapor.
The water then becomes fresh. Some water vapor moves into the Nile River, and some move upwards to become clouds.
From there, the clouds will fluctuate their activity according to what the temperature is doing.
Precipitation will fall to the ground and flow across the watershed to the Nile River and to multiple bodies of water, including streams and surrounding wetlands.
The Nile River flows from the south to the north component of Africa. It is one of the few hundred rivers in the world that flows north.
Its upper course begins in Lake Victoria in the country of Uganda and neighboring countries of Kenya and Tanzania.
Its lower course finds its way into the Mediterranean Sea. It is the longest river in the world, and it would not be able to sustain Africa the way that it does if it were not freshwater.
The Nile River is critical to life in Egypt specifically, as civilization there depends on it and always has.
In addition to water, the soil of the river is nutrient-rich, and this helps farmers live off the land from the crops that they plant over generations.
What is farmed along the Nile River?
Irrigation technology has been developed because of the Nile River, and this has enabled Africans to use more land to live on. It has resulted in a life of abundance for those that can take advantage of it.
The crops most commonly planted here, flax, beans, wheat, and cotton, are the most common in Africa. They wouldn’t be possible without the Nile River.
The delta of the Nile River is home to the papyrus plant, which is used for other industries such as cloth, rope, paper, and boxes. The Nile is also an important channel for bathing and transportation.
Do the people of Egypt need the Nile?
It is estimated that 95 percent of the people of Egypt live within just a few miles of the Nile River because it is a source of abundance for them in so many ways.
Transportation jobs such as speed boat management, water taxi, and ferries also sustain this region.
The Nile River is also a critical trade route as is the case for every major river in the world.
A freshwater ecosystem is a complex ecosystem that sustains a tremendous amount of life. It is one of the world’s most precious resources. Freshwater in the Nile River can sustain the life of fish and crustaceans, just to name a few.
This is a food supply in a region that desperately needs both potable water and live food. These creatures also need their own habitat to survive.
The habitability of species around the Nile River is dependent on a number of factors. The Nile River needs to continue being a potable life source.
The propensity of the Nile River to provide for ecosystems depends on the fluctuating temperatures and precipitation of the region.
There are three kinds of freshwater ecosystems: lentic, lotic, and wetlands. Lentic ecosystems are slower-moving bodies of water such as a lake or a pond.
A lotic ecosystem is a faster-moving body of water that includes rivers and streams. The Nile River is a lotic body of water.
The wetlands are a freshwater system that is underground, where the water comes from draining the soil of freshwater saturation.
A lotic ecosystem is one that includes rivers and a combination of both living and nonliving organisms. These ecosystems are part of the watershed where smaller streams flow into.
Every river’s lotic ecosystem classification is determined by the flow of the river, which is a sign of life and also the gradient of the river. A steeper river will have a faster current which will sustain more life.
For a freshwater river to be considered a lotic ecosystem, it must have a unidirectional flow and have a habitat that is in constant flux. There must be both biotic and abiotic species and organisms.
The organisms are evolved enough and specialized enough to be able to live in this ecosystem at the flow of the river.
People depend on the Nile River to survive because of its lotic status. Fishing is an important food resource for both the people and the economy. Environmental threats are here but are minimal.
Is the Nile River’s freshwater in danger?
The length of the Nile River contributes to the protection of many species on the continent. The people of Africa still have to watch for signs of poaching, illegal fishing, pollution, and a disrupted landscape.
Any changes in or around the Nile River need to be gradual and subtle in order to preserve every chance at life around the river.
Freshwater is called fresh because its placement in the water cycle removes sediment, salt, and toxins. The Nile River is a freshwater river that enjoys this status and has for over five thousand years.
This river is an important component of the ecosystem of Africa, with millions of people living on its riverbanks and surviving in life because of it.
Multiple other species in Africa enjoy the freshwater status of the Nile River. Freshwater bodies of water are important to every culture they are in.
Learn more about the Nile River, and the importance of freshwater systems in your own culture today.