With its enormous forest reserve regions, vast lowlands and foothills, and numerous volcanoes, the Philippines is an ideal location for mountain hiking and nature trekking. The Philippines’ diverse topography, as well as clear streams, waterfalls, and foliage, make it a fascinating site to take part in such a unique and adventurous travel experience.
The Philippines’ geology has resulted in a country dotted with volcanoes. In the Philippines, there are officially 25 active volcanoes and 355 inactive volcanoes. So, if you’re interested in volcanoes, the Philippines has a lot to offer. These volcanoes and mountains are among the most beautiful in the Philippines.
These volcanoes are well worth a visit, whether you want to walk to the crater or peak or be in the area. So, these are the Philippines’ top 15 tallest volcanoes to see.
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Mt. Apo is the country’s highest volcanic mountain and one of the world’s tallest Southeast Asian regions. It’s a giant, potentially active solfataric stratovolcano.
There have been no reported eruptions from this behemoth, which stands at 2,954 meters (9,692 feet) above sea level and is the tallest peak in the Philippine Archipelago.
The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) considers the mountain the epicenter of endemism in Mindanao. In terms of flora and fauna per unit area, it possesses one of the most extraordinary levels of land-based biological diversity.
From lowland tropical rainforest to mid-mountain forests to high mountain forests, it contains three unique forest forms. There are several hiking trails to choose from, with some tour operators even offering popular overnight camping trips.
Over 272 bird species nest in the mountain, with 111 of them being indigenous to the area. The critically endangered Philippine eagle, the country’s national bird, is one of the world’s most giant eagles.
There are four major lakes, with Lake Agco and Lake Venado being the most popular. Lake Agco is a well-known mountaineering camping site and a stopover on the way to the peak. The top grassland has Lake Macadac and Lake Jordan. Nineteen significant rivers and 21 streams drain Mt. Apo’s eight essential basins.
The climate at Mount Apo’s top is subpolar oceanic, with average temperatures below 10 degrees Celsius. According to the revised corona classification, it has a Type IV climate, which means an equal rainfall distribution year-round.
Put Mt Apo on your list of possible adventures if you’ve not visited yet to conduct an actual trek. Bansalan lies at the foothills of Mt. Apo and Mt. Tampurong (Kapatagan), which, along with Mt. Talomo, form the mountaineers’ trio in Davao for trekkers.
President Manuel L. Quezon designated Mount Apo a National Park with Proclamation No. 59 on May 9, 1936, and Republic Act No. 9237 created Mount Apo as a nature reserve under the classification of Natural Park with an expanse of 54,974.87 hectares (135,845.9 acres.)
The Mt Kitanglad area is well-known for its bird-watching opportunities. Many vulnerable and constrained varieties of the Mindanao and Eastern Visayas Endemic Bird Region have popped up recently. Despite the numerous satellites and bunks on the summit, the vista is breathtaking.
Mount Kitanglad is a dormant volcano in the Kitanglad Mountain Range of Mindanao’s Bukidnon province. It is the Philippines’ fourth highest peak, standing at the height of 9,511 feet. It sits between Malaybalay and Lantapan, Impasugong, Sumilao, and Libona.
Mount Kitanglad National Park has an extensive mountain range with a dozen summits, the most notable are Mount Imbayao, Mount Kaatoan, Mt Nangkabulos, Mt Dulangdulang, and Mt Kitanglad. Large amounts of montane and mossy forest in the park.
The name “Kitanglad” comes from a tale that once there was a tremendous flood that flooded Bukidnon’s native lands, leaving just the tip of a mountain the size of a “tanglad” (lemongrass) visible (“Kita” in Visayan). Several ancient cultural groupings, such as the Bukidnons, Higaonons, and Talaandigs, regard it as their ancestral domain.
Mount Kitanglad is known for its biological and cultural variety. It comprises three major indigenous groups’ ancestral domains: the Talaandig, Higaonon, and Bukidnon peoples.
Mount Kitanglad is home to around 600 rare and endemic species, including the Philippine tarsier and the second-largest flower, Rafflesia schadenbergiana. The critically endangered Philippine eagle uses it as a breeding site.
The pygmy fruit bat Alionycteris paucidentata and two native mice, Crunomys scincoides and Limonmys dryophilus, are the other endemic species found here.
When it comes to activities, Mt Kalatungan, being the third-highest volcanic summit, shines above many. Not only is the mountain beautiful, but there are other exciting locations to visit, such as:
- Kimatahay Falls
- Sagumata Falls
- Mindamora Falls
- Talakag Lake
- Napalit Bonseta’s Fun Fun Rides
It’s the perfect hike for families, couples, groups, or self-discovery journeys. A trail can reach its peak.
Mount Kalatungan, sometimes known as Catatungan, is a volcanic peak in the Philippines’ southern province of Bukidnon. It is a stratovolcano with no documented historical eruptions and is classed as a potentially active volcano by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS).
It stands at the height of 9,449 ft. It’s one of the numerous high elevation peaks in the Kalatungan Mountain Range in Bukidnon, on Mindanao, the Philippines’ second biggest island.
The mountain range is home to indigenous Manobo and Talaandig people, who regard it as part of their ancient territories. They see the forest as sacred, and they have protected it for ages.
The mountain range is a significant biodiversity hotspot, with 129 animal species and 342 plant species. The Philippine eagle, Philippine hawk-eagle, flying fox, Philippine warty pig, and Philippine deer are endangered or vulnerable species found on the mountain range.
On the range, you can also see the Mindanao pygmy fruit bat. The katmon, white lauan, red lauan, bagtikan, bikal-boboi, and threatened almaciga are endemic tree species that dominate the area.
Mount Ragang, also known as Mount Piapayungan and Blue Mountain by locals, is an active stratovolcano on the Philippine island of Mindanao. The Philippines’ fourth highest volcano and the highest point in Lanao del Sur, 9,236 feet.
There are no records that indicate how many times Mount Ragang erupted. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, as well as other organizations’ documents, do not match.
From afar, it boasts a lovely view of clouds and a blue-like color. As a result, many adventurers and trekkers aspire to summit the fabled Mount Ragang.
Mount Ragang, however, is solely for your eyes and cameras. Climbing the mountain is dangerous. The authorities and people have warned against climbing the peak because it sits in the Autonomous Region of Mindanao.
The authorities urged climbers not to go inside the mountain because insurgents allegedly camp in the region. Many people wanted to explore the mountain, but the war between these parties made tourism in Mount Ragang impossible.
Several people have successfully climbed the mountain. Many people wanted to ascend the peak, but they are just another group praying for peace in Mindanao.
Do you want to view a picture of the best volcano cone? Take a journey to Mayon Volcano in the Philippines, which is an active stratovolcano. It features symmetrical steep slopes that form a classic volcano.
It stands at the height of 8,081 feet on the convergence of the Eurasian and Philippine plates. Mayon Volcano’s lava is pyroclastic in nature. Mt. Mayon is the Philippines’ most active volcano, having erupted more than 50 times in the last 400 years, the most recent eruption occurring in 2018.
You can rent quad bikes and ride down to the volcano’s base. Mt. Mayon is not only the world’s most distinctive volcano, but it also has a variety of attractions, including:
- Natural Park of Mayon Volcano
- Ruins of Cagsawa
- Hill Nature Park
- Vera Falls
- Albany Park and Wildlife,
- Our Lady of the Gate, Parish Daraga Church
It’s a volcano worth visiting when it is safe to do so, depending on the current volcanic activity.
Are you a bird enthusiast? Then this is the mountain you should see. Records show several Mindanao and Eastern Visayas Endemic Bird Areas vulnerable and restricted-range species on or near Mt Balatukan, primarily during a 1961 collecting excursion to adjacent Civoleg and Daggayan.
There have been multiple reports of Philippine Eagles in the area of the mountain in recent years. Scientists expect this severely endangered bird to fly in large numbers in the area’s woods.
There are numerous waterfalls, a national park, a viewing deck, and even a high cold spring to enjoy up there.
Mt Balatukan sits in northern Mindanao’s eastern Misamis Oriental Province. It rises gradually to a long ridge with many summits, the highest of which is 8,038 feet above sea level. The mountains still have a lot of forest cover, with an estimated 6,500 hectares of old-growth forest.
It is primarily montane woodland, with some mossy forest thrown in for good measure. Logging and kaingin activities have drastically diminished the size of the primary lowland forest. There are some remnant woodland and cogon grassland regions.
Mt Kanlaon, often spelled Kanla-on or sometimes Canlaon may be found on the way from Bacolod City to Sipalay, on the suburbs of Bacolod.
Mt. Kanlaon is a living volcano that erupted last in 2006. It’s the tallest peak in Negros, as well as the Visayas as a whole. It is noticeable from the significant roadway at 7,989 feet above sea level.
It’s a popular hiking spot for many mountaineers, and there are some well-marked trails. Mt. Kanlaon is a live volcano that has exploded 30 times since its last eruption in 1819.
The volcano is a popular mountain climbing destination and the highlight of Mount Kanlaon Natural Park, founded on August 8, 1934.
Hiking paths in Guintubdan mainly begin near the village’s center. Locals have been involved in international cooperation, collaborating with numerous European organizations to launch the Philippines’ first interior tourist destination, the revolutionary Unified Hiking Marker System.
- Guintubdan to Buslugan Falls Red Trail
- Guintubdan to Oro Falls Yellow Trail
- Guintubdan to Salas Park new Pavilion Blue Trail
- Guintubdan to Mt. Kanla-On Summit Red Trail
- Additional new routes, as well as the Adventure Trail
Many countries have used the same system. It increases the mountain’s tourist appeal while also being environmentally friendly.
This volcano is 7,671 feet above sea level and is considered potentially active. Between the active Ragang and Makaturing volcanoes, Latukan is between a sequence of young E-W trending stratovolcanoes.
It sits at a latitude of 7.65°N (7°39’0″) and longitude of 124.45°E (124°27’0″), according to the Global Volcanism Program.
The Makaturing volcano lies to the west, while the traditionally volatile Ragang v volcano is to the northeast.
The Encyclopedia of Active Volcanoes of the Globe (Neumann van Padang, 1953) lists the Latukan watershed as an active volcano; however, its most current eruptions are unknown.
Latukan lies in central Mindanao, west of the Cordillera, in an area dominated by basaltic volcanoes.
Latukan is listed as an inactive volcano by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS), with no explanation for why it is considered inactive. Latukan, like many of the volcanoes in the southern Philippines, has not been widely investigated. Hence much of the information is still pending confirmation or acquisition.
In a wide half-ring encircling the south and western sides of Binuluan, there are abundant hot springs, including fresh water and sulfurous water. You can find hot sulfurous water springs in the Bu-ot fumarole field, Bum-bag fumarole field, and Sugu-oc fumarole field.
Six hot sulfurous water springs and one fumarole can be found upstream from Bu-ot on the Pasil River. Mount Binuluan, which stands at 7,641 feet, is generally shrouded in cloud or mist, making photography difficult.
In rare instances when the prominent peak does not have a mist cover, the settlement of Bangtitan in Upper Uma, Lubuagan, is a fantastic vantage point for views and pictures of the mountain. Because access to the site is complicated, it is uncertain if anyone has ever climbed Binuluan.
The landscape is rough and underdeveloped. Binuluan volcano is located in the Kalinga Province of Luzon Island, Philippines, and is part of the Ambalatungan volcanic complex. A sulfur-rich debris flow from a potential steam eruption of Binuluan volcano in 1952 killed 12 people.
Mount Matutum rises to 2293 meters (7522 feet) above sea level in the Philippines’ southernmost province of Mindanao. Despite being only 70 kilometers southwest of the country’s highest peak, Mount Apo, this inactive volcano dominates the terrain from all sides.
Its steep rise is so beautiful that it entices hikers and mountaineers to climb its lush green slopes. Mount Matutum comes from the Blaa’n word “Amyak Maleh,” which means “climb and plant.” While visiting the Mountain, all trekkers are obliged to plant a tree.
President Fidel Ramos issued a Presidential Proclamation on March 25, 1995, to safeguard the mountain and its adjacent surroundings. The Mountain and the surrounding 14,000 hectares of forest get protection from the indigenous Blaa’n people who live in this section of South Cotabato.
Volcanic uplift after previous periods of activity shaped its distinctive uneven shape. On March 7, 1911, there was an unconfirmed eruption. Geologists describe it as a dormant volcanic cone with pyroxene andesite as its main constituent. The volcanic slopes and piedmonts that surround it fall into that class.
Mt. Matutum is the source of numerous significant drainages, such as the Klinan, Silway, and Buayan rivers, which all flow into the stunningly gorgeous Sarangani Bay through General Santos City. The adjacent villages benefit from the abundance of nutrients provided by these rivers. Recognizing the luxuriant foliage, the Dole Company came about in adjacent Polomolok on December 7, 1963, and it is now likely the world’s largest pineapple plantation.
In March 1914, Army Officer Wu Ting Fang made the first verified ascent of Mount Matutum. However, because the local Blaa’n group’s logbook is almost non-existent, it was likely to scale sooner.
You may have a magnificent view of Baguio City on the summit of Mount Santo Tomas.
Layers of white clouds pass by you with chilling winds just before sunset. It’s simply magnificent. The nighttime scene is spectacular.
Mount Santo Tomas is a summit in the Cordillera Mountains on the Philippine island of Luzon. It’s impossible to say how high it is, as it is with most of the Philippines’ peaks. The most commonly used figure is 2256 meters above sea level.
The Mount Santo Tomas excursion can leave you with conflicting feelings. Apart from a few people, nobody loves the view from two massive radio transmission stations on the road. Along the route, there are also extensive agricultural lands.
However, there are only a few dwellings. Also, visible are complete woods, pine trees, and unusual plants not found on other Philippine islands near the peak.
The best part about this mountain is that, despite its elevation of almost 2000 meters, you can hike up to its highest summit from Baguio’s city center.
A radio transmission station stands at the summit of the hill. It’s within a guarded area. Therefore you’ll miss the peak’s last 10 meters. However, the path leading here is full of beautiful surprises and is well worth the effort.
The most significant time to climb is almost any time of year, although between November and March is the best because there is less risk of rain.
Mount Banahaw is a 7,119-foot-high ancient volcano revered as a holy mountain and a repository of mysteries, legends, and cults. Filipinos travel to Banahaw’s slopes to reclaim their vigor and spiritual well-being. Pilgrims come from all across the country to believe in their abilities, culminating in massive crowds and en masse ceremonies throughout Holy Week (Easter).
Since a local man claimed to have heard “holy voices” that guided him to multiple natural springs, legends, and tales of sights and marvels have sprung up in Banahaw, bathing in the water from the springs is claimed to provide good luck and, in some circumstances, the capacity to see into the future.
Many caves that go deep into the rocks also have a spiritual influence of their own. The Rizalista religion has long flourished at Banahaw’s foot. They’re a lovely bunch who embrace folk Catholic beliefs about Jose Rizal, the country’s national hero, whom they revere as God.
The Rizalista temples, found in the mountain’s villages, are vivid shrines to their faith and a visible reminder of the mountain’s spiritual force.
Since Mount Banahaw is the region’s tallest peak, it’s also a popular climbing destination. Environmentalists urge those who trek and climb the mountain to appreciate the natural environment by not littering.
Mount Isarog, a dormant 6,600-foot volcano in southeastern Luzon Island, rises over one of the Philippines’ most important biodiversity sites. The 783-acre Anayan-Rumangrap Watershed irrigates 167,000 rice fields and feeds water to 15 municipalities (including Naga City, which has about 200,000).
There are around 1300 plant species there, including Rafflesia, the world’s largest bloom. Many endemic birds, mammals, amphibians, and reptile species are in the area. Mount Isarog is home to the world’s only known populations of many shrew-mouse and shrew-rat species.
However, the abundance of this habitat is in peril. People entered the protected woodland illegally years ago, cutting trees for charcoal and planting crops. For years, the Metro Naga Water District (MNWD) tried to persuade them to leave. The last of them left in 2015, going just outside the park’s perimeter.
Some inhabitants of the displaced community have formed forest wardens and patrol the watershed regularly. (Rangers aren’t present.) However, some neighborhood members have recently felt compelled to cut down trees in the watershed due to poverty.
This location, which is only an hour from Naga City, has a lot of potential for tourism. Furthermore, increased tourism will result in additional patrols because forest wardens will be guiding more groups.
They will use this funding to build a nursery/greenhouse and a shared service station, as well as to restore residences so that they can be used as homestays by their owners. It will also give training for anyone interested in starting their own companies, such as marketing crafts or farming mushrooms.
Makaturing is a stratovolcano on the Philippine island of Mindanao. You’ll find it in the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao, namely in the province of Lanao del Sur (especially in the town of Butig).
Makaturing has a base diameter of 29 kilometers and a height of 1,940 meters (6,365 feet) (18 mi). It’s part of the Central Mindanao Arc, a chain of volcanoes.
Some eruptions may have been those of adjacent Ragang volcano, according to the Smithsonian Institution’s Global Volcanology Project, which cites the Encyclopedia of Active Volcanoes of the Globe (Neumann van Padang, 1953).
Makaturing is one of the Philippines’ active volcanoes. The Pacific Ring of Fire encompasses them all.
Mandalagan is the peak for you if you’re interested in both vegetation and animals. On the upper slopes of Mandalagan, there are substantial old-growth woods, mainly above 1,000 meters, but you can find them locally on very steep slopes as low as 700 meters. In comparison, secondary forests are visible as low as 400 meters.
There are endemic plants and animals on the mountain. Hardwood plant species (Dipterocarps), palms, orchids, herbs, and medicinal trees are plants. Philippine Spotted Deer Cervus alfredi, Visayan Warty Pig Sus cebifrons, and butterflies are among the animals found here.
The severely threatened Negros Naked-backed Fruit Bat Dobsonia chapmani, a giant fruit bat, could already be lost. There may be a few more endangered animal species there, but there are no studies available yet.
Because of the many steep-sided valleys and ridges in the vicinity, the forest on the sides of Mt Mandalagan is exceedingly fractured and varied.
Many of the Negros and Panay Endemic Bird Area’s endangered and constrained species are not in any documents or reports by locals. Visayan Flowerpeckers, Writhed-billed Hornbills, Visayan, and Negros-bleeding-heart are all endangered species.